The angle of the lens depends on the size of the sensor and the distance from the sensor to the lens. This is an important specification. This allows you to adjust the setting of the camera lens from your computer making it very easy to install. To confuse us, some manufacturers specify their 3-megapixel or 5-megapixel camera as “1080P” as well. Sometimes the specs are confusing, so always check with us if you have questions. 2) Is compatible with encoder integral to IP camera. When the iris is closed all the way, it can reduce the clarity of the image (when used with megapixel cameras). This quick installation guide briefly explains the installation procedure as well as some basic configurations of VIVOTEK VAST central management software. Run Cables to Each Camera Location. It is a good idea to draw a floor plan with camera locations, this will help you in deciding what type of cameras to buy. We use cookies to provide the best browsing experience. Many consumers find the need for a professional IP based security camera system for their home, business, or property, but are under the assumption that IP systems are complicated and too tech-heavy. This article reviews the things that are part of an IP Camera system installation. For more about IP Camera Resolution take a look at our blog article. IP cameras don’t require professional installation, saving time for home and business owners. For example, frame rates tend to be lower in very high-resolution cameras (over 3 Megapixel). If you want to detect that a door has been opened and start recording video, then you will require an IO input connection to the camera. The Vitamin Decoder 2.1 is used to connect to many popular DLink and Vivotek models, such as the DCS-2000,2100 and 3220, as well as the 4XEM MPEG4 cameras. Private IPs are good for a LAN. Ensure that the camera: 1) Is a dome or positional type as specified in the contract. IP Camera Bandwidth Requirement. More cameras will follow in the next updates. The lower the IRE number, the harder the amplifier has to work to boost the signal so it can be seen. Well, it depends on the application. Getting Started Minimum System Requirements The aspect ratio (vertical to horizontal ratio) is usually 4:3 or 9:16 (wide). In certain cases, the frame rate has to be reduced. For example, a camera that is operating at 30 IRE is receiving 30 percent of the signal from the sensor circuits, while one operating at 50 IRE is receiving 50 % of the signal. The frame rate can also be affected by very low light situations. Back in the old days, TV had only 525 horizontal scan lines per frame. It is measured in lux. Our team of security experts will help you learn how to install security cameras, including where to place the cameras, as well as overall installation tips. The focus can be adjusted at the computer, instead of at the camera. Lenses. Before reviewing the specifications, make sure you know your application and objectives. In general, security cameras, either CCTV analog cameras or PoE IP security cameras, are not energy-consuming as other gadgets like computers or bread toasters; they only need a very little electricity to work. CCTV Connectors. When the scene is very dark the lens iris opens and the field of view is reduced. The better manufacturers also include the relative level of the signal (IRE), which is a measure of how hard the amplifier has to work. The pixels are organized in a matrix of horizontal and vertical pixels. The zoom lens is similar to the variable lens, but it can be controlled remotely. This specification comes from the video broadcast market rather than the security market and can be totally confusing. This discourages them from purchasing one, preventing them the security they require. Here’s what each of the terms means: Megapixel Camera: This i… If you plan to release a door lock, you need an output signal to control a relay that can open an electric lock. It depends on what you think is an acceptable image. There are many cameras that have over 1-megapixel resolution. The most common range is 192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255, followed by 10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255. Many IP cameras come with a lens. Such as: CCTV Cable and Wire. D. DHCP, obtaining IP address through 3-1. IR light can bend at a different angle than visible light when the wrong type of glass is used in the lens. If you’re looking to save money and are reasonably technical then it can be done. Yes, there are a few applications where you want higher frame rate, such as in gambling casinos, or in special testing situations, where you need to see very fast motion, but in most cases, you can save bandwidth and storage by reducing the frame rate. Installation Requirements. The video is very smooth even at 10 fps. By increasing the time that the shutter stays open, you can improve the low light performance of most cameras. This is most apparent at the higher resolution. For example, if you want to use the camera outdoors where it can get dark, then the low light specification is important. In most cases you run your video and power to and from the camera on the same CAT5 or CAT6 wire, assuming you are using a POE (Power Over Ethernet) power source such as … The number of vertical and horizontal pixels and the aspect ratio are defined differently. Planning is Key We review the packaging, remote setup capability, and software management tools that reduce the time to install your IP camera system. The “p” indicates “progressive” rather than “interlaced.” The older TVs used two interlaced fields to make one frame. Understanding the specifications, allows you to select the right camera for your IP camera system. International: 914-944-3425 Camera Video & Control window. The camera electronics adjust the iris opening depending on how much light it detects. The biggest problem with IP camera is to understand how it works, this step by step approach explains how to install an IP camera. Lenses can have a fixed focus (that can’t be changed), manual focus or auto-focus. See IP camera. CCTV Power Supplies / Battery Packs / Converters and much more. NETWORK IP SYSTEMS IP cameras use digital video transmission over CAT5 or CAT6 cable. You do get what you pay for. Camera specifications such as resolution, low light sensitivity, and the lens are some of the important factors to consider when selecting your camera. Required Bandwidth = 1 * 6144 kbps + 1 * 1024 kbps =7168 kbps = 7.168 Mbps. This is a very nice feature that makes installation much easier. The longer the shutter is opened the more light can reach the sensor. That, of course, is not true in most applications. The resolution of IP cameras is measured in Megapixels. If you increase the shutter speed to 0.5 seconds, the maximum frame rate is only 2 fps. It is a good idea to draw a floor plan with camera locations, this will help you in deciding … A 2 mm lens may have an angle of about 110 degrees, while a 50 mm lens has an angle of about 5.5 degrees. analog camera and power brick. This means some areas that are close or far away are not in focus. 2.1 Defining System Requirements 1 2.2 CCTV System Design Considerations 3 3. We sometimes see megapixel IP cameras selling for under $200. Lens light capability:  The f-number of the lens indicates how well the light is transferred through the lens. For example, there are 2.0, 3.0, 5, 8, 10 and higher megapixel cameras. Transmission 36 4.1 Wired Transmission 36 4.2 Wireless Transmission 39 4.3 IP Network Transmission 42 5. For example, if you would like to connect an intercom to the camera you will need two-way audio. There are some camera specs that indicate very low minimum illumination (0.0001 lux), but this is measured at a shutter speed of 0.5 sec. The minimum light level is also affected by the shutter speed, which relates to the frame rate. This means that Hikvision equipment can be easily tailored to your budget and requirements, leaving you with a security system that suits your business. These two factors are a big part of why IP camera systems have become drastically more popular over the last few years. Contact our support if you prefer a special camera type. There is some difference between the definitions of the television industry and the security market. If you need help understanding the IP camera specifications and selecting the right camera, don’t hesitate to give us a call or send a message. HD IP CAMERA SYSTEM MATERIAL SPECIFICATION . What is reasonable? In many cases you don’t have to pay more for this capability, you just have to select the right camera. Cat-6 Ethernet cable. H. help, for IP camera windows 4-2. WDR is measured in dB. The Sony 4K IP camera has a chip with 4096 H × 2160 V pixels which run at up to 60 fps and conforms to the Digital Cinema Initiative. Marketing people also use the term “HD” and “720p” or “1080p”, and most recently “4K”. This article reviews the important camera specs, and how to avoid being fooled by specsmanship (from the marketing department). A variable lens can be manually adjusted through a range of angles. “Back focus” is not part of the lens, but is usually listed with the lens specification. IP cameras are Digital and connect via Cat5 (Networking) Cable or WiFi. The 1080p HD camera has at least 1080 vertical pixels (or horizontal lines). The f-number will also appear as part of the minimum illumination spec. The iris affects the depth of field. The Microsoft sample capture program AmCap can be used to test general connectivity with webcams and analog camera cards and devices (not network cameras). At night it opens the iris and when there is bright sunlight it closes the iris. After identifying them, you can mount the camera and junction box, please note that some cameras may have a deep base for cable management, but this particular camera needs a junction box to hide cable connections like RJ45 connectors and power leads. The minimum illumination is the lowest light level that provides a reasonable image from the IP camera. P-Iris lenses are similar to the DC auto iris lens, except they add additional intelligence to the lens opening. Does DVR/NVR Use a Lot of Electricity. The resolution of a camera is defined not only by the sensor, but also the lighting, lens and the electronic circuits. We are an engineering and consultation company that sells complete IP security solutions at the very best prices. The relationship between the horizontal and vertical pixels is called the aspect ratio. Today resolution is defined by the total number of pixels in the sensor or the horizontal and vertical pixels. The minimum illumination level is also determined by the lens. The most important aspect of installing a CCTV camera … Combining low-light monitoring capabilities and high-definition recognition, Hikvision smart IP cameras can easily meet the requirements of enterprise projects. Once you know the distance and field of view, you can select the right lens. The fields were interlaced, so we wouldn’t see the flicker. description 4-2. displaying 4-1. The sensor may have the megapixels, but the lens may be plastic, and the result is a very low-quality image. The installation time makes a big difference in the total cost of an IP camera system installation. Home window. When you are trying to view an area with challenging lighting conditions it’s best to select a camera that provides a good wide dynamic range (WDR). I moved this specification to this section because these days frame rates are not critical in most applications. It can be very confusing. The low light level image you see is not only dark but can also be very noisy. For further setup and detailed feature descriptions, please refer to the user's manual on the software CD. The wide dynamic range has been dramatically improved in the latest cameras. This is a list of relevant British, European and International standards for installers and maintainers of surveillance cameras. The p-iris lens prevents the lens from opening all the way and compensates by increasing the camera amplification of the video signal. Home » Blog » About Technology » Understanding IP Camera Specifications, What’s Important, This article was updated on 4/12/2018 to reflect new IP cameras. The aspect ratio is 1280/1024 which is 1.24 or close to the 4/3 ratio (1.3). Take a look at our video “How the Video camera Works” for more details about frame rates and how they have evolved from the old days of TV. PC requirements for 3-1. contrast 4-5. There are quite a few types of IP cameras in the market and we have taken one of the best selling generic IP camera and software. Components of CCTV Systems 9 3.1 Cameras 9 3.2 Lenses 15 3.3 Housing and Mounts 22 3.4 Video Monitors 25 3.5 Switchers and Multiplexers 30 3.6 Video Recorders 32 4.

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